Hamirpur District is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. Situated at an altitude of 785 meters, Hamirpur is the district headquarters. It shares borders with the neighbouring districts of Mandi to North, Bilaspur to South and South West, Una to West and Kangra to North West. River Beas separates Hamirpur from Kangra and is a Parent river to two of tributaries, namely Maan Khud and Kunah Khad flowing across either sides of Hamirpur district, to the adjacent Satluj. Hamirpur district has considerable amount of Pine forests. Hamirpur is also a home to mango trees. Hamirpur district is most eco friendly and cleanest district in india after mandi
Hamirpur does not have the typical “Hilly & Chilly” type of climate found in most of Himachal Pradesh, as it is closer to the plains. During winter, the climate is cold but pleasant when woollens are required. During summer the temperature is hot and cottons are recommended. Temperature does sometimes cross the 44 degree Celsius mark in summers. In January 2012, some parts of Hamirpur district received moderate snowfall after 44 years
People of the Hamirpur district speak dialects of western Pahari. These dialects are akin to other dialects spoken in the adjoining areas of Mandi ,Bilaspur and Kangra districts. According to the classification languages made by the Linguistic Survey of India, Pahari comes under Indo-European family of languages. It has further been classified as a language belonging to Aryan Subfamily, Indo-Aryan Branch, Inner Sub-Branch,Pahari Group and Western Pahari Sub-Group (Census of India 1961, Vol.I.India,Part II-C (ii) Language Tables,p.CLXX). Western Pahari includes a number of district dialects. Besides Western Pahari, bulk of the population of Hamirpur district can speak Hindi.
LIVING & FOOD HABITS
Generally, people have the pucca houses in the district and are double storeyed. This is primarily because stone is available in abundance and slates for roofs are also available in nearby quarries in the adjoining districts. People, indeed, have developed a taste for good houses and the traditional stones are getting replaced by bricks corrugated sheets and marvel fastly. About 92% population of this district live in the Rural areas and they are agriculturist. They grow wheat, Barley, Gram, Masar etc. in the Rabi season and Maize, Paddy, Blackgram, Kulth etc. in the Kharif season. People like Wheat, Rice as well as Maize Roties with Lassi and Sarson Ka Sag. They also like Curry. Some people also eat meat and drink. Fish is easily available in the Rivers, khads and Nullahs, which flow through the district. Population living in the rural areas keep Goats and Sheep and some people in rural as well as urban areas are also running Poultry Forms which easily meet the demand of the district. To meet out the heavy demand of the fish in the urban areas, Fishery Department also import the fish from the neighbouring districts viz; Bilaspur and Una.
FAUNA & FLORA
The various species of plants and forest trees are generally found in the districts such as Kikar, Khair, Bil, Sirish, Ambla, Neem, Karal, Taur, Kasmal, etc. The species of animals commonly found in the district are namely leopard, hare, wild boar, jackal kakar, monkey and sambhar. Among the birds commonly found are namely chakor, crow, jungli murga, kala titar, safed titar and woodpecker etc.